Task 1: Figures of speech


  1. Identify the type of figure of speech used in the following lines taken from Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar.

             Mention who said the following lines and in which situation it was said. Explain its underlying meaning:

                 He was my friend, faithful and just to me.
                But Brutus says he was ambitious,
               And Brutus is an honourable man.
  (Act III, scenes ii, lines 93-95)

2.     Read the whole scene to describe and comment on the orator’s character. How much can you relate his attitude to your personal knowledge and experience? Give your opinion in not more than two paragraphs.

         Link below to read the whole scene:



January 26, 2011.     Category: Uncategorized.   11 Comments.

11 Responses to “Task 1: Figures of speech”

  1.   Dikran Richard Guisso Says:

    1)It was Marcus Antonius that said these words. He was speaking about Caesar in his funeral in front of a crowd and Brutus. He was talking well about him but disagreeing with Brutus that he was an ambitious man. For that he gave examples and the crowd seem to be agreeing with him
    PS: I didn’t understand in which statements are we to identify the figures of speech.

  2.   George Debs Says:

    1. The speaker here is Mark Antony who is one of the few characters who are addressing Caesar’s death to the citizens of Rome. Brutus and Cassius (the two other characters) are explaining to the Citizens why they killed Caesar. However, Antony eventually turns the citizens against the two men.
    The figure of speech used is irony. In this scene Antony disagrees with what Brutus has done and his is being sarcastic. In other words, he is mocking Brutus (who is thought of as noble and admirable by the citizens) by sarcastically saying he is honorable when he doesn’t really think so. He goes on to speak of things Caesar did which were not ambitious but still repeats the lines “…But Brutus says he was ambitious, And Brutus is an honourable man…” in a sarcastic and and mocking tone to the obviousness the citizens have missed.

    2. I do believe that Antony’s purpose behind his actions were in his adversaries’ misfortune. However, whether it is a reflection of his true feelings towards Caesar or a tactic to gain the citizens acceptance of him as honorable (to later eliminate his opponents so that he may reign in the end) is debatable. He certainly knows how to influence and gain the trust of the citizens. He also seems to have done quite a lot of observation and analysis of Brutus and Cassius and their plans. It almost seems as though all the eloquent description of the betrayal against Caesar AND the grief he seems to be expressing cannot be but intentional. Naturally, someone truly grieving wouldn’t go into such detail of the calamity they are enduring (unless I am not aware of the descriptive habits people had during that century).
    This brings us to the most probable conclusion that Mark Antony is but a trickster deceiving the group into thinking of him and Caesar as innocent victims, making the people want to rebel against the two other noble-men.

    I rest my case.

  3.   Bernard helou Says:

    The type of figure of speech present in the 3 lines is:
    1:Verbal irony that is to say what is opposite to our mind.

    Mark Antony said the following lines.
    Mark mocked both, Brutus being honorable, and Ceasar being ambitious.
    He was displeased with Brutus which categorized Ceasar as a determined person independent to all what he did to others. For Mark Brutus is not anymore an admirable person.

    2) After reading the scene, we can conclude that the narrator is a wise man. He was presenting a serious dilemma occurring in his country. Men (citizens) were waiting for the speech of two different responsible wise man, according to which they form their thought and know the truth.
    This situation is similar to that of any country, especially in our daily lives when we fight sometimes following speeches of some man.

  4.   patrick sarkis Says:

    1) In Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar (Act III, scenes ii) Mark Antony gives a speech in Caesar’s funeral after “the honorable” Brutus’s speech in which he justifies the assassination of Caesar. In the lines 93-95, Shakespeare uses verbal irony. Verbal irony is when the writer says something and means the other. Antony repeats all over his speech that Brutus is an honorable man but he means the opposite. He denies all the justification Brutus uses and awakens the people on “the honorable” Brutus’s lies and dishonesty.
    2) Antony, in his speech during Caesar’s funeral, proved himself to be loyal to Caesar. In addition, he is self-confident, courageous and brave. He was not afraid of showing the dishonesty of Brutus the moment at which everyone was honoring Brutus. Moreover, Mark is a smart cunning man. He uses irony and mockery to get people’s trust and attention and make them doubt Brutus’s words.

  5.   lsclass Says:

    Thanks for replying. I enjoyed reading each one’s comment and realized the depth of your analysis.
    I believe others will now be eager to read and share their comments with you.

  6.   Christin Ain Malak Says:

    1. This speech was orated by Mark Antony for Caesar in his funeral (Act 2 ,scene 3). in the speech Antony uses repetition and a sarcastic tone to diminish the force of the positive words he uses to describe Brutus ( ex : ambitious and honorable ) till the meaning of the speech is completely transposed.The speech provokes the crowd and turns the public opinion against Brutus and the other collaborators.
    The type of figure of speech used here is verbal irony (use of words to say just the opposite of what you really mean ) Antony says the opposite of his real opinion of Brutus to create sarcasm.
    2. Antony proves to be a dedicated and faithful friend through standing by Caesar and defending him throughout his speech. He seems to be gloomy and dispirited because of the death of his dear friend Caesar.Moreover Antony is brave, conscientious and courageous in his speech and arouses emotions to stur up the crowd against Brutus and his collaborators. He is also intelligent and logical in the strategy that he used to excite the crowd and finally gains their trust and turns them against Brutus.

  7.   Ralph corban Says:

    1.To begin with, Mark Antony is the speaker. The figure of speech used in lines 93-95 of his speech is abviously a verbal irony. After Brutus goes along explaining why Ceasar died due to his ambitions, and that he, himself would rather die as well for the sake of Rome to save freemen, Mark Antony is given the attention of the crowd to mourn Ceasar. The former in his speech valorizes his friendship with Ceasar and the honor of Brutus ( an honorable man ). Brutus claimed that Ceasar is an ambitious person, however Mark proves, as being his friend and the most faithful to him, that Ceasar isn’t what he really seems to be or at least what Brutus describes him. For Mark Antony Ceasar never showed to be ambitious in everything he did, however, if Brutus says he was ambitious then he is, because the latter is an honorable man! It is clearly noticed that Mark Antony contradicts himself by admiting the full knowledge of his friend Ceasar while opposing Brutus ironically stating that the latter is honorable and if he says Ceasar is ambitious then he certainly is. Hence, to Mark, neither Ceasar was ambitious nor Brutus is honorable.

    2.Mark proves in his speech that sometimes, listening to wise men can lead to beast judgements misleading the reason of the human conscience. He shows that true knowledge of the being is not simply imposed by useless words assembled in a good form, but the acceptance of the truth that really counts. Unlike the whole croud, Mark Antony, being Ceasar’s closest friend, is the only one that could truly refute Brutus, rather than cherishing his mighty and believing in his wisdom.
    It is intresting how this same dilemna seem to be redudant everywhere, and familiar in our every day lives especially political-wise. This proves that wisdom is not always generated from truthfullness, it is in fact with truth that honor and wisdom are attained.

    Ralph C.

  8.   Mary Habib Says:

    1.The speaker is Marc Anthony. He sheds light on what Brutus has previously mentioned. Anthony explains that the latter is very ambitious. For example, “When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept;” is an illustration of how Anthony finds it ironic that Brutus thinks of him as being dishonorable. This is verbal irony. He speaks with a sarcastic tone; he disagrees with Brutus’s opinion.

    2. Mark Anthony is a witty man; he uses persuasiveness to convince people of his point of view. His eloquent speech and his high-stand presence prove his capability of further intelligence. Through it all, his pluckiness is evident in the way he stands up to Brutus and opposed what he says. Indeed, Anthony is not intrepid but his self-confidence has allowed him to express his loyalty toward Caesar.

  9.   Jessica Abou Jaoudeh Says:

    1) These 3 lines are a part of Marc Anthony’s speech. The figure of speech in these lines is verbal irony. It is obvious that Marc Anthony doesn’t mean literally what he said about Brutus, on the contrary he is mocking him.

    2)Marc Anthony seems to be courageous and self-confident in his speech.He wants to show the truth and prove Brutus wrong.He uses the old acts of Ceasar to contradict Brutus’s words”…he was ambitious…”. However the purpose of this speech isn’t clear. It may be his love and respect for Ceasar, his hatred for Brutus or a way to get the crowd on his side.

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